Cholistan is locally known as rohi . This famous desert is 25 km from Ahmed pur east and comprises of an area of 16,000 sq.km (10,000) sq.miles) which extends upto the thar desert spreading over to india . The word Cholistan is derived from ‘cholna’ which means moving . The people of Cholistan lead a semi-nomadic life , moving from one place to anther in search of water and folder for thier animals .
Derawar Fort is a large square fortress in Pakistan near Ahmedpur East. The forty bastions of Delawar are visible for many miles in Cholistan Desert. The walls have a circumference of 1500 meters and stand up to thirty meters high. The first fort on the site was built by Rai Jajja Bhati, whose sister was married to Deoraj, a prince of Jaisalmer. It remained in the hands of the royal family of Jaisalmer until captured and completely rebuilt by the nawabs of Bahawalpur in 1733. In 1747, the fort slipped from the hands of the Abbasis owing to Bahawal Khan’s preoccupations at Shikarpur. Nawab Mubarak Khan took the stronghold back in 1804. The nearby marble mosque was modeled after that in the Delhi. There is also a royal necropolis of the Abbasi family, which still owns the stronghold. The area is rich in archaeological artifacts associated with Ganweriwala, a vast but as-yet-unexcavated city of the Indus Valley Civilization.
Shrine of Channar Pir
The shrine of channer pir is located seven km from Derwar fort. Channer pir was a disciple of makhdoom jahanian jahanghasht He was brought up in a state of destitution It is believed that a visit to him tomb protects the children. The pir never married but had seven brohter whose descendants are called the Channer. The approach to this shrine is quite difficult. The annual Urs is held at the beginning of March. A colourful fair known as Mela Channer Pir is held here. Devotees gather on the night of full moon to offer Fateha at the tomb of the saint.
Uch Sharif has played a signficant role in the making of our history . For some time it served as a provincial metropolis of the well known raj hindu dynasty and then the capital of nasir-uddin qabacha . However, it remained a favorite place of religious excellence and piety throughout the period of its existence The city once possessed several sun temples. with the advent of islam sprang up various institutions of formal and infomal education. it was divided into three socio-administrative sectors: Uch Jilani, Uch Bukhari, Uch Moghla. Uch jilani was founded by syed saif-uddin Ghazrooni while Uch Bhkhari by syed Jalal-uddin surkh bukhari. The saintly personages living in the city imparted mystic training and guidance to the thousands who approached. The suhrawardia silsila was established over here by jalal-uddin surkh bukhari. The place got name and fame due to jalal-uddin makhdoom jahanian jahangasht. similarly, syed muhammad ghous jilani hallabi established the qadirya silsila. it was Uch from where this order spread to entire subcontinent and was carried to indonesia and malaysia. The famous tombs existing at Uch include those of makhdom hazrat bahawal haleem, makhdom jahanian jahangasht, bibi javindi, the tomb of the wife of jahanian jahangasht, who was the daughter of sultan lange khan, the governer of multan whose name there is a garden in multan. The oldest shrine at Uch is that of sheikh saif-uddin ghazrooni, who was the first muslim saint to settle down at Uch. Most probably, Ghazrooni`s is the oldest muslims tomb in the whole of sub-continent. Makhdoom shams-uddin and makhdoom Nau bahar are the sajjada nasheens of jilani and Bukhari syed`s shrines respectively-the former having sunni faith and the later shia faith. thousands of devotees from far flung areas come to Uch sharif at the time of ‘urs’ which is held every year in april. These sajjada nasheens have in thier possession rare islamic ralics of older days, which have been preserved with great care. The sajjada nasheen of Uch Bokhari has the following relics:-(1) A turban of the holy prophet, (2) A robe and mantle of the holy prophet,(3)”samsam”(sword) of hazrat imam hassan,(4) A cap of hazrat shaikh abdul qadir jilani of beghdada, (5) The turban and mantle of hazrat salman farsi. The sajjada nasheen of Uch jilani is the custodian of:- (1) Holy prophet’s footprints, (2) a few chapters of the Holy Quran written by Hazrat Imam Hussain and (3) a tooth of Hazrat Awais Qarni.
It is 25 km from Ahmed pur east. It is said that there are seven tombs known as ‘Ali Ashab’. These tombs are said to be of the companions of holy prophet (peace be upon him). A fair is held in the village which has been named as ‘Ali Ashab’ and visited by the local people every Friday in the month of jeth (May) and on Fridays in the month of ‘Har’ (june).
Panjnad River Panjnad River is formed by successive confluence of the five rivers of Punjab, namely Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej. Jhelum and Ravi join Chenab, Beas joins Sutlej, and then Sutlej and Chenab join to form Panjnad 10 miles north of Uch Sharif in Tehsil Ahmedpur East. The combined stream runs southwest for approximately 45 miles and joins Indus River at Mithankot. The Indus continues into the Arabian Sea. A dam on Panjnad has been erected; it provides irrigation channels for Punjab and Sindh provinces south of the Sutlej and east of the Indus rivers. Beyond the confluence of Indus and Panjnad rivers, the Indus river was known as Satnad (Sat = seven) carrying the waters of seven rivers including Indus river, which is believed to be in ealrlier times the Saraswati/Ghaggar/Hakra river which eventually dried and became a seasonal river due to seismic shifts in the glacial region of Himachal Pradesh where it originated and later on Kabul river and the five rivers of Punjab.
Bahawalpur State was established in 1727 and Amir Sadiq Muhammad became its ruler. He was a descendant of rulers of Baghdad. His family had ruled Sindh and had lived in Makran, Balochistan as religious leaders. The most important of these religious leaders was Mian Azafa or Adhana followed by Mian Adam Shah. He was a follower of Mian Muhammad Mehdi.One of the sons of Amir Channi, ruler of Sindh migrated to Bahawalpur. His name was Amir Dawood Khan. Amir Sadiq Muhammad Khan was the head of this branch of Abbassies. The Abbassies first came to Uch Shareef on the invitation of Bukharies and Geelanies. Later on, they got the areas of Shikarpur from Governor of Multan as Jageer. After the death of Amit Sadiq, his eldest son named Amit Muhammad Bahawal Khan came into power and founded the city of Bahawalpur. He was issueless and was succeeded by his younger brother named Mubarik Khan. He captured areas upto Kot Sabzal and Pakpattan. He was succeeded by his nephew Nawab Jafir Khan who was a brave ruler and excellent administrator. A contract with British Government was established during his times. Similarly he developed good relations with Dehli and Kabul. His son Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan-II succeeded him. He divided the area into various administrative units and established many departments. His eldest son Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan-III succeeded him who was dethroned by his brother Fateh Khan. He died in 1858 and was succeeded by his son Nawab Bahawal Khan-IV. His period was full of turmoil and he died at a relatively young age in 1866. His only son Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan-IV who was only 5 at that time succeeded him. During his time, the affairs of the state were managed by the British till 1879. He participated in the adventures of Egypt, Chitral and Afghanistan. He died in 1899 and his son named Muharak Khan or Nawab Bahawal Khan-V succeeded him. He established many institutions in Bahawalpur He died in Aden while returning from Hajj in 1907 and was succeeded by his son Nawab Sadiq Muhammad Khan-V in 1907 at the age of three. Nawab Sadiq was very intelligent. He got his powers in 1924. He was the founder of modern Bahawalpur. He constructed Jamia-e-Abbassia Mosque and established Sadiq Public School. Sutlej valley project which added to the prosperity of Bahawalpur was launched during his period. He promoted Urdu and was the first Muslim ruler to acceed to Pakistan. Thus, Bahawalpur State became apart of Pakistan. After dismemberment of One Unit, Bahawalpur became a division of Punjab province. Nawab Sadiq died in 1966 in London.
Lal Suhanra National Park
This park is ideal for recreation, education or research but shooting is forbiden. This park, 90 km to the east of Ahmed pur east, is a combination of a natural lake and forest on 77,480 acres of land and spread over on both sides of the Bahawal canal. It was watchtowers, catching ground, Tourist huts, Rest houses, Camping grounds and treks for the visitors and lovers of nature.